Anne Meagher Northup is an American Republican politician from the state of Kentucky. From 1997 to 2007, she represented the Louisville-centered 3rd congressional district of Kentucky in the United States House of Representatives, where she served on the powerful House Appropriations Committee. She lost reelection to Democratic politician John Yarmuth in the 2006 election. She then ran for governor, losing by 15 points to embattled Governor of Kentucky Ernie Fletcher in the Republican primary election for the 2007 Kentucky gubernatorial election. Prior to her election to the United States House of Representatives, Northup had served in the Kentucky House of Representatives.
Northup ran again for her old congressional seat in the 2008 election, losing again to Yarmuth.
On July 30, 2009, President Barack Obama nominated Northup to a seat on the Consumer Product Safety Commission, and was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on August 7. The seat is a Republican seat by statute and is the choice of the Senate Republican Leader Mitch McConnell. She is one of the only government regulators who has previously served in Congress.