Charles Buxton was an English brewer, philanthropist, writer and Member of Parliament.
Buxton was born in Cobham, Surrey, the third son of Sir Thomas Buxton, 1st Baronet, a notable brewer, MP and social reformer, and followed in his father's footsteps, becoming a partner in the brewery of Truman, Hanbury, Buxton, & Co in Brick Lane, Spitalfields, London, and then an MP. He served as Liberal MP for Newport, Isle of Wight, Maidstone and East Surrey. His son Sydney Buxton was also an MP and governor of South Africa.
On 7 February 1850, he married Emily Mary Holland, the eldest daughter of physician Henry Holland.
Around 1850, he commissioned construction of a house, Foxholm on Redhill Road, Cobham, for the Chaplain to Queen Victoria.
Following his father's death, Buxton commissioned architect Samuel Sanders Teulon to design the Buxton Memorial Fountain to commemorate his father's role, with others, in the abolition of slavery. The fountain was initially erected in Parliament Square but was later moved to its current position in Victoria Tower Gardens, Westminster. It carries the dedication: Erected in 1865 by Charles Buxton MP in commemoration of the emancipation of slaves 1834 and in memory of his father, Sir T Fowell Buxton, and those associated with him: Wilberforce, Clarkson, Macaulay, Brougham, Dr Lushington and others.