Friedrich Freiherr von Logau, German epigrammatist, was born at Brockut, near Nimptsch, in Silesia in 1605. He who never called himself Freiherr was educated at the gymnasium of Brieg and subsequently studied law at the university of Altdorf. He then entered the service of the duke of Brieg. In 1644 he was made ducal councillor. He died at Liegnitz in 1655.
Logau's epigrams, which appeared in two collections under the pseudonym Salomon von Golaw in 1638 and 1654, show a marvellous range and variety of expression. He had suffered bitterly under the adverse conditions of the time; but his satire is not merely the outcome of personal feeling. In the turbulent age of the Thirty Years' War he was one of the few men who preserved intact his intellectual integrity and judged his contemporaries fairly. He satirized with unsparing hand the court life, the useless bloodshed of the war, the lack of national pride in the German people, and their slavish imitation of the French in customs, dress and speech. He belonged to the Fruitbearing Society under the name Der Verkleinernde, and regarded himself as a follower of Martin Opitz; but he did not allow such ties to influence his independence or originality.