H? Chí Minh; 19 May 1890 – 2 September 1969, born Nguy?n Sinh Cung and also known as Nguy?n T?t Thành and Nguy?n Ái Qu?c, was a Vietnamese communist revolutionary leader who was prime minister and president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. He was a key figure in the foundation of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945, as well as the People’s Army of Vietnam and the Vi?t C?ng during the Vietnam War.
He led the Vi?t Minh independence movement from 1941 onward, establishing the communist-ruled Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and defeating the French Union in 1954 at the battle of ?i?n Biên Ph?. He officially stepped down from power in 1955 due to health problems, but remained a highly visible figurehead and inspiration for those Vietnamese fighting for his cause—a united, communist Vietnam—until his death. After the war, Saigon, capital of the Republic of Vietnam, was renamed H? Chí Minh City.