Luis Bu˝uel PortolÚs was a Spanish filmmaker who worked in Spain, Mexico and France.
When Luis Bu˝uel died at age 83, his obituary in The New York Times called him "an iconoclast, moralist and revolutionary who was a leader of avant-garde surrealism in his youth and a dominant international movie director half a century later." His first pictureŚmade in the silent eraŚwas called "the most famous short film ever made" by critic Roger Ebert, and his last filmŚmade 48 years laterŚwon him Best Director awards from the National Board of Review and the National Society of Film Critics. Writer Octavio Paz called Bu˝uel's work "the marriage of the film image to the poetic image, creating a new reality,... scandalous and subversive."
Often associated with the Surrealist movement of the 1920s, Bu˝uel created films in six decades, from the 1920s through the 1970s. His work spans two continents, three languages, and nearly every film genre, including experimental film, documentary, melodrama, satire, musical, erotica, comedy, romance, costume dramas, fantasy, crime film, adventure, and western. Despite this variety, filmmaker John Huston believed that, regardless of genre, a Bu˝uel film is so distinctive as to be instantly recognizable, or, as Ingmar Bergman put it, "Bu˝uel nearly always made Bu˝uel films."