Morarji Ranchhodji Desai, NPk was a notable Indian independence activist and the fourth Prime Minister of India from 1977 - 1979. He was also the first Prime Minister to head the India's first non-Congress Government. At foreign fronts, Desai holds international fame for his peace activism and made notable efforts to initiate peace between two-rival South Asian states, Pakistan and India. After India's first nuclear explosion in 1974, Smiling Buddha, Desai helped restore friendly relations with China and Pakistan, and vowed to avoid armed conflict such as Indo-Pakistani war of 1971. Desai has the credible distinction of being the only Indian national to be conferred with Pakistan's highest civilian award, Nishan-e-Pakistan, which was honored to him by President Ghulam Ishaq Khan in 1990 in a colorful ceremony. Domestically, he played crucial role in Indian nuclear program after it was targeted by major nuclear power countries after conducting a surprise test in 1974. Later, his policies promoted social, health and administrative reforms in the country.