John XXIII, born Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, was Pope of the Catholic Church and ruled the Vatican City from 1958 until his death in 1963. He is the most recent Pope to date to take the name "John" upon being elected as Pope.
Angelo Roncalli was the fourth child of thirteen born in an Italian village to sharecroppers. He was ordained a priest in 1904 and served in various posts including appointment as Papal Nuncio in several countries, including France. Pope Pius XII made Roncalli a Cardinal in 1953. Pope John was elected on 28 October 1958 at the age of 77. He surprised those who expected him to be a caretaker Pope by calling the historic Second Vatican Council. He did not live to see it to completion, dying in 1963, four-and-a-half years after his election, and two months after the completion of his final encyclical, Pacem in Terris.
Pope John was beatified on 3 September 2000.