Charles, Prince of Wales, is the eldest child and, since 1952, heir apparent of Queen Elizabeth II. Since 1958 his major title has been His Royal Highness The Prince of Wales. He is also known as The Duke of Rothesay in Scotland and as The Duke of Cornwall in Cornwall. He is the longest-serving heir apparent in British history.
Charles's interests encompass a range of humanitarian and social issues: he founded The Prince's Trust in 1976, sponsors The Prince's Charities, and is patron of many other charitable and arts organisations. For many years, he has championed organic farming and sought to raise world awareness of the dangers facing the natural environment, such as climate change. He has been outspoken on the role of architecture in society and the conservation of historic buildings, and produced a book on the subject called A Vision of Britain in 1989. He has also promoted herbal and other alternative medical treatment.
Charles was educated at Cheam and Gordonstoun Schools, which his father, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, had attended as a child, as well as the Timbertop campus of Geelong Grammar School in Victoria, Australia. After earning a bachelor of arts degree from Trinity College, Cambridge, Charles served a tour of duty with the Royal Navy from 1971 to 1976. His 1981 marriage to Lady Diana Spencer produced two sons, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge and Prince Harry of Wales. The couple divorced in 1996 after Diana publicly accused Charles of having an affair with Camilla Parker Bowles, and Charles admitted adultery on television. Diana died in a car crash in 1997. In 2005, after a lengthy continued association, the Prince married Camilla, who uses the title Duchess of Cornwall.