Rupert Raleigh Hughes was an American historian, novelist, film director and composer based in Hollywood. Hughes was born in Lancaster, Missouri. His parents were Felix Turner Hughes and Jean Amelia Summerlin, who were married in 1865. His brother Howard R. Hughes, Sr., co-founded the Hughes Tool Company. He was the uncle of Howard Hughes, the famous aviation magnate and filmmaker. His three volume scholarly biography of George Washington broke new ground in demythologizing the general and was well received by historians. He was elected as an honorary member of the Alpha chapter of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia music fraternity at the New England Conservatory in Boston in 1917. Hughes' was an essay writer for popular magazines in the 1930's *'Technocracy to the Rescue' Rupert Hughes. Hughes, active in state politics, was one of the founders of the California State Guard in 1940. In the 1940s he served as president of the American Writers Association, a group of anti-Communist writers.
H. P. Lovecraft said of Hughes in a letter to Clark Ashton Smith,