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 This day in History - March 2
401 Historic Events for March 2
1829

Carl Schurz, Major General (Union volunteers)journalist

Birth
1831

John Frazee becomes 1st US sculptor to receive a federal commission

Event
1836

Republic of Texas declares independence from Mexico

Event
1838

David Duffle Wood, composer

Birth
1840

Heinrich Olbers, German astronomer (comets and asteroids), dies at 81

Death
1844

Hermanus J A M Schaepman, clergyman/Dutch politician

Birth
1853

Territory of Washington organized after separating from Oregon Ter

Event
1855

Aleksandr Romanov becomes tsar of Russia

Event
1855

Nicholas I Pavlovitch, tsar of Russia (1825-55), dies at 58

Death
1858

Frederick Cook, New Orleans, patents a cotton-bale metallic tie

Event
1861

US creates Dakota and Nevada Territories out of the Nebraska and Utah ter

Event
1861

Government Printing Office purchases 1st printing plant, Washington

Event
1862

Frederick West Lander, US Union brig-general/poet, dies at 40

Death
1862

John Jay Chapman, US advocate/poet/writer (Learning and Other Essays)

Birth
1863

Congress authorizes track width of 4'8«" for Union Pacific RR

Event
1865

Freedman's Bureau founded for Black Education, 1865

Event
1865

British newspaper "Morning Chronicle" begins publishing

Event
1865

Gen Early's army is defeated at Waynesborough

Event
1866

1st US company to make sewing needles by machine incorporated, Conn

Event
1867

US Congress creates the Department of Education

Event
1867

1st Reconstruction act passed by Congress

Event
1867

Jesse James-gang robs bank in Savannah Missouri, 1 dead

Event
1867

Congress created the Department of Education

Event
1867

Congress abolishes peonage in New Mexico

Event
1867

Congress passed the 1st Reconstruction Act

Event